The role of the ConcertmasterViolinist Scott Flavin is concertmaster of the Florida Classical Orchestra, the orchestra for Florida Grand Opera and Miami City Ballet, as well as the Florida Sunshine Pops. He is also a member of the internationally-acclaimed Bergonzi String Quartet, quartet-in-residence at the University of Miami, where he is professor of violin. From 1988 to 1993 he was a member of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. His recordings include chamber music on the Centaur and Naxos labels, as well as commercial recordings with Miami Symphonic Services.
What is a concertmaster?Well, the term concertmaster always strikes me as so pompous...the "master" of the concert.... Historically, the concertmaster, or "first violinist" would lead or conduct the whole orchestra ( in the days before conductors). Today, a concertmaster can be expected to conduct in the absence of the conductor and assistant conductor; this happens very rarely, if at all, as most conductors hardly ever relinquish control!
What does a concertmaster do?Basically, the concertmaster has several duties: first, the concertmaster makes a solo entrance to greet the public on behalf of the orchestra, then supervises tuning (of course, the oboe really does all the work).
As the principal violin player of the violin section, the concertmaster plays any violin solos that occur, and helps establish and coordinate bowings for the string section, which affects musical phrasing as well as technique and ensemble. The concertmaster also is a liaison (hopefully a diplomatic one!) between the conductor and orchestra. I always think of Josef Gingold, the great violinist and concertmaster of the Cleveland Orchestra under George Szell, who would relieve the tension of Szell's rantings and ravings in rehearsal by asking him an absolutely nonsensical question -- Szell, who was too proud to ask what Gingold meant, would say "do whatever you feel is best", to the secret delight and merriment of the entire orchestra, thereby diffusing the tension. A concertmaster should also help the conductor communicate and clarify his ideas. Good leadership is also very important; as in chamber music, a good leader must also follow others, while providing clear cues, both technically and musically.